This article's factual accuracy is disputed. (April 2021)
|Headquarters||One Technology Way,|
Denver, Colorado, United States
|Ed McVaney, Dan Gregory and Jack Thompson|
|Products||World, OneWorld, EnterpriseOne|
J.D. Edwards World Solution Company or JD Edwards, abbreviated JDE, was an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) software company. Products included World for IBM AS/400 minicomputers (the users using a computer terminal or terminal emulator), OneWorld for CNC architecture (a client–server fat client), and JD Edwards EnterpriseOne (a web-based thin client). The company was founded March 1977 in Denver, Colorado, by Jack Thompson, C.T.P. "Chuck" Hintze, Dan Gregory, and C. Edward "Ed" McVaney.
In June 2003, JD Edwards agreed to sell itself to PeopleSoft, Inc. for $1.8 billion. Within days, Oracle launched a hostile takeover bid for PeopleSoft sans JD Edwards. PeopleSoft went ahead with the JD Edwards acquisition anyway, and in 2005, Oracle finally took ownership of the combined JD Edwards-PeopleSoft organization. As of 2020, Oracle continues to sell and actively support both ERP packages, branded now as JD Edwards EnterpriseOne and JD Edwards World.
Enterprise Resource Planning concept
As the majority of JD Edwards's customers were medium-sized companies, clients did not have large scale software implementations. There was a basic business need for all accounting to be tightly integrated. As McVaney would explain in 2002, integrated systems were created precisely because "you can’t go into a moderate-sized company and just put in a payroll. You have to put in a payroll and job cost, general ledger, inventory, fixed assets and the whole thing. SAP had the same advantage that JD Edwards had because we worked on smaller companies, we were forced to see the whole broad picture." This requirement was relevant to both JDE clients in the US and Europe and their European competitor SAP, whose typical clients were much smaller than the American Fortune 500 firms. McVaney and his company developed what would be called Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) software in response to that business requirement.
The software ultimately sold was named JD Edwards WorldSoftware, popularly called World. Development began using System/34 and System/36 minicomputers, changing course in the mid-1980s to the System/38, later switching to the AS/400 platform when it became available.
The company's initial focus was on developing the accounting software needed for their clients. World was server-centric as well as multi-user; the users would access the system using one of several IBM computer terminals or "green-screens". (Later on, users would run terminal emulator software on their personal computers).
By late 1996, JD Edwards delivered to its customers the result of a major corporate initiative: the software was now ported to platform-independent client–server systems. It was branded JD Edwards OneWorld, an entirely new product with a graphical user interface and a distributed computing model replacing the old server-centric model. The architecture JD Edwards had developed for this newer technology, called Configurable Network Computing or CNC, transparently shielded business applications from the servers that ran those same applications, the databases in which the data were stored, and the underlying operating system and hardware. By first quarter 1998, JD Edwards had 26 OneWorld customers and was moving its medium-sized customers to the new client–server flavor of ERP. By second quarter 1998, JDE had 48 customers, and by 2001, the company had more than 600 customers using OneWorld, a fourfold increase over 2000.
Web-based client, continued product evolution
After the release of Xe, the product began to go through more broad change and several new versions. A new web-based client, in which the user accesses the JD Edwards software through their web browser, was introduced in 2001. This web-based client was robust enough for customer use and was given application version number 8.10 in 2005. Initial issues with release 8.11 in 2005 lead to a quick service pack to version 8.11 SP1, salvaging the reputation of that product. By 2006, version 8.12 was announced. Throughout the application releases, new releases of system/foundation code called Tools Releases were announced, moving from Tools Release versions 8.94 to 8.95. Tools Release 8.96, along with the application's upgrade to version 8.12, saw the replacement of the older, often unstable proprietary object specifications (also called "specs") with a new XML-based system, proving to be much more reliable. Tools Release 8.97 shipped a new web service layer allowing the JD Edwards software to communicate with third-party systems.
JD Edwards EnterpriseOne in Oracle portfolio
Support for the older releases such as the Xe product were to expire by 2013, spurring the acceptance of upgrades to newer application releases. By 2015, the latest offering of EnterpriseOne was application version 9.2, released October 2015. The latest version of World (now with a web-based interface) was version A9.4, released in April 2015.
There are two types of programming done by EnterpriseOne programmers. The first is using the event rule language which is a 4th generation language, developed by JD Edwards, that builds code from wizard-like interfaces inside Object Management Workbench (OMW). The second type of programming uses C++ language. C code is only done in business functions. You can create business functions called Named Event Rules (NER) using event rules but when they are compiled, they are converted into C code.
Move to the Cloud
JD Edwards on Oracle Cloud is hybrid by design enabling digital business through choice and control. Customer can choose to use JD Edwards with Oracle's Infrastructure as Service (IaaS), or using with Oracle products delivered via Platform as a Service (PaaS), or choosing to complement JD Edwards footprint with Oracle’s feature-rich Software as a Service (SaaS) solutions.
- Allen Jacot, Joseph Miller, Michael Jacot and John Stern. JD Edwards EnterpriseOne: The Complete Reference (2009) McGraw-Hill; ISBN 0-07-159873-1.
- Oracle Corporation
- Enterprise Resource Planning
- Configurable Network Computing
- Oracle Applications
- Oracle E-Business Suite
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