ERPNext

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ERPNext
Erpnext logo.svg
Original author(s)Rushabh Mehta
Developer(s)Frappé Technologies Pvt. Ltd. and Community
Initial release2008; 14 years ago (2008)
Written inPython and JavaScript
TypeERP, CRM, Accounting, Human resource management, Retail, Healthcare, Education
LicenseGNU GPLv3
Websiteerpnext.com

ERPNext is a free and open-source integrated Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) software developed by Frappé Technologies Pvt. Ltd. and is built on MariaDB database system using a Python based server-side framework.[2] [3]

ERPNext is a generic ERP software used by manufacturers, distributors and services companies. It includes modules like accounting, CRM, sales, purchasing, website, e-commerce, point of sale, manufacturing, warehouse, project management, inventory, and services. Also, it has domain specific modules like schools, healthcare, agriculture, and non-profit.[4]

ERPNext is an alternative to NetSuite and QAD, and similar in function to Odoo (formerly OpenERP), Tryton and Openbravo. ERPNext was included in the ERP FrontRunners List by Gartner as a Pacesetters.[5]

Industry solutions[edit]

ERPNext contains these modules:

Software license[edit]

ERPNext is released under the GNU GPLv3 license. Consequently, ERPNext does not require license fees as opposed to proprietary ERP vendors. In addition, as long as the terms of the licenses are adhered to, modification of the program is possible.[6]

Architecture[edit]

ERPNext has a Model-View-Controller architecture with metadata modeling tools that add flexibility for users to adapt the software to unique purposes without the need for programming. Some attributes of the architecture are:

  • All objects in the ERP are DocTypes (not to be confused with HTML DocTypes) and the Views are generated directly in the browser.
  • Client interacts with the server via JSON data objects on a Representational state transfer (RESTful) supporting server.
  • There is ability to plug-in (event driven) code on the client and server side.

The underlying web app framework is called "Frappé" [7] and is maintained as a separate open source project. Frappé started as a web based metadata framework inspired from Protégé[8] though it has evolved differently.

This architecture allows rapid application development (RAD).

Source code and documentation[edit]

ERPNext source code is hosted on GitHub,[9] using the Git revision control system, and the contributions are also handled using GitHub.

A complete user manual is available at the project website.[10]

FOSS United India[edit]

FOSS United (formerly ERPNext Open Source Software Foundation) is a non-for-profit organization. The goal of the foundation is to provide a platform for the FOSS community of India to come together and build open source applications. [11] Foundation also organises various events like conference and code sprints.

Innovations[edit]

The primary innovation of ERPNext has been in the metadata modeling architecture which provides for flexible use of the application without custom programming.[12] Meaning ERPNext has a modular architecture enabling users to build new forms and configurations quickly.

The user interface incorporates usability enhancements designed to improve ease of use and user productivity.

Software as a Service[edit]

ERPNext is available both on user hosting and as a Software as a service (SaaS) from their website.[13]

Investment[edit]

In November 2020, Rainmatter incubator invested ₹10 crore ($1.3M) in Frappe Technologies PL, to support development of ERPNext, other open source products, and scaling needs.[14] [15]

Release history[edit]

Version Release Date/Month Significant changes Software license
1.0 June 2010 First release. ERPNext source code was (then) published on Google Code. GNU GPL
2.0 July 2012 GNU GPL
3.0 April 2013 GNU GPL
4.0 February 2014 Introduced app architecture in Frappe Framework. GNU GPL
5.0 19 May 2015[16] Improved UI, Item Variants, Print Format Builder, Sharing, Starring, Document Timelines, Multi-Currency accounting, Party model GNU GPL
6.0 2 September 2015[17] ERPNext Schools, Calendar View for transactions, Doctype exports GNU GPL
7.0 22 July 2016[18] Online/Offline POS, Asset Depreciation, Payment Entry, Timesheets, Dashboards, Editable grid, Quick Entry view, Smarter Lists GNU GPL
8.0 30 March 2017[19] Global Search, Kanban View, Document Versioning, Delete and Restore, Email Inbox, Employee Loan, Enhanced POS, Multiple UOMs in Selling, Accrual system in Payroll, Custom Permissions, Customer Feedback, School Assessment Module [20] GNU GPL
9.0 26 September 2017[21] Healthcare Domain, Subscription, School Fees Management, New Setup Wizard GNU GPL
10.0 29 December 2017[22] Agriculture Domain, Non-profit Domain, Data Import upgrades, Employee Advance, Item Variant Enhancements GNU GPL
11.0 10 December 2018 Multi-company consolidated financial statement, Payroll per Tax Declaration, Employee On-boarding and Off-boarding, Finance Book, CWIP Accounting, Staffing Plan, Inter-company Journal Entry, Exchange Rate Revaluation, Leave Policy, Conditional Workflows, Payroll and Accounting Period, Serialised Assets, Tax Withholding, Shift Plan, Budgeting in Material Request GNU GPL
12.0 22 July 2019 Graphical Dashboard, Custom Report with Chart Builder, Postgres Support, Multi-select Field, Enhanced Website and Portal, Improved Pricing Rule, Accounting Dimensions, Invoice Discounting, BOM Explorer, Auto Attendance, Leave Ledger, Promotional Scheme, SLA, Email Campaign, Learning Management System, Quality Management System, Production Planning Enhancements, Project Template, New Desktop, Keyboard Navigation, Link Preview, Assignment Rule, Exotel Call Integration, Milestones, Auto Repeat, Document Follow, Energy Points, Google Contacts, PDF Encryption, Raw Printing, Web Form Refactor, Custom columns in report GNU GPL
13.0 2020 Custom Desk, SLA on custom documents, Bootstrapped Dashboards for each module, In-patient module in Healthcare, Module Onboarding, Event streaming, Perpetual accounting for Services, Cancelling downstream transactions on single click, POS Invoicing, Production Forecast, Social Media post from ERPNext, India PF and PT calculation, Conditional Mandatory field, BOM and JV template, India GST reports GNU GPL

References[edit]

  1. ERPNext releases page
  2. opensource.com, ERPNext among Top 9 open source ERP systems to consider
  3. Zerodha’s investment fund pumps in ₹10 crore in an enterprise resource planning platform ERPNext
  4. Capterra, Top 8 free and open source ERP
  5. Software Advice, FrontRunners® for Enterprise Resource Planning, October 2017
  6. ERPNext license
  7. Frappé Framework
  8. Protege
  9. ERPNext repository
  10. ERPNext User Manual
  11. "ERPNext Foundation Profile" on Zaubacorp
  12. "Customize ERPNext" chapter from the manual
  13. https://erpnext.com/pricing
  14. ""Zerodha-backed Rainmatter invests Rs 10 crore in ERPNext"". Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  15. ""Rainmatter Backs Enterprise Resource Planner ERPNext?"". Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  16. "ERPNext Version 5 release log on Github
  17. "ERPNext Version 6 release log on Github
  18. "ERPNext Version 7 release log on Github
  19. "ERPNext Version 8 release log on Github
  20. "ERPNext Version 8 features
  21. "ERPNext Version 9 release log on Github
  22. "ERPNext Version 10 release log on Github